Problem Solving | Boundless Psychology

 

psychology problem solving activities

Problem Solving Worksheets. Problem Solving is a structured worksheet which encourages solution-focused thinking. Clients are encouraged to identify a problem, then to identify multiple potential solutions, then to take steps to put a solution into action. Guide your clients and groups through the problem solving process with the help of the Problem Solving Packet. Each page covers one of five problem solving steps with a rationale, tips, and questions. The steps include defining the problem, generating solutions, choosing one solution, implementing the solution, and reviewing the process. It's all about problem-solving, right? While it's true that problem-solving and planning are essential to overcoming a difficult problem, people who ruminate tend to take these activities too far.


Rumination: Problem Solving Gone Wrong | Psychology Today


Solving a problem is reaching a goal state; there are many things that can stand in the way of solving a problem, but many strategies that can help. The human mind is a problem-solving machine. It is considered the most complex of all intellectual functions, since it is a higher-order cognitive process that requires the modulation and control of basic skills.

There are considered to be two major domains in problem solving: mathematical problem solving, which involves psychology problem solving activities capable of being represented by symbols, psychology problem solving activities, and personal problem solving, where some difficulty or barrier is encountered. There are many common mental constructs that impede our ability to correctly solve problems in the most efficient manner possible. A mental set is an unconscious tendency to approach a problem in a particular way.

Our mental sets are shaped by our past experiences and habits. For example, if the last time your computer froze you restarted it and it worked, that might be the only solution you can think of the next time it freezes. So for example, psychology problem solving activities, say you need to open a can of broth but you only have a hammer. You might psychology problem solving activities realize that you could use the pointy, two-pronged end of the hammer to puncture the top of the can, since you are so accustomed to using the hammer as simply a pounding tool.

The dot problem : In the dot problem, described below, solvers must attempt to connect all nine dots with no more than four lines, without lifting their pen from the paper. This is a barrier that shows up in problem solving that causes people to unconsciously place boundaries on the task at hand.

A famous example of this barrier to problem solving is the dot problem. In this problem, there are nine dots arranged in a 3 x 3 square.

The solver is asked to draw no more than four lines, without lifting their pen or pencil from the paper, that connect all of the dots. What often happens is that the solver creates an assumption in their mind that they must connect the dots without letting the lines go outside the square of dots.

Psychology problem solving activities solvers are literally unable to think outside the box. Standardized procedures of this nature often involve mentally invented constraints of this kind. Irrelevant information is information that is presented as part of a problem, but which is unrelated or unimportant to that problem and will not help solve it. Typically, it detracts from the problem-solving process, as it may seem pertinent and distract people from finding the most efficient solution.

An example of a problem hindered by irrelevant information is this:. You select names at random from the Topeka phone book. How many of these people have unlisted phone numbers? The answer, of course, is none of them: if they are in the phone book, they do not have unlisted numbers. But the extraneous information at the beginning of the problem makes many people believe they have to perform a mathematical calculation of some sort.

This is the trouble that irrelevant information can cause. There are many strategies that can make solving a problem easier and more efficient.

Two of them, algorithms and heuristics, are of particularly great psychological importance. A heuristic is a rule of thumb, a strategy, or a mental shortcut that generally works for solving a problem particularly decision-making problems. It is a practical method, one that is not a hundred percent guaranteed to be optimal or even successful, but is sufficient for the immediate goal.

The advantage of heuristics is that they often reduce the time and cognitive load required to solve a problem; the disadvantage is that they cannot always be relied on to solve the problem—just most of the time. An algorithm is a series of sets of steps for solving a problem. Unlike a heuristic, you are guaranteed to get the correct solution to the problem; however, psychology problem solving activities, an algorithm may not necessarily be the most efficient way of solving the problem.

Additionally, you need to know the algorithm i. The difference between an algorithm and a heuristic can be summed up in the example of trying to find a Starbucks or some other national psychology problem solving activities in a city. There are many other ways of solving a problem. The most effective depends on the type of problem and the resources at hand, psychology problem solving activities.

Skip to main content, psychology problem solving activities. Search for:. Problem Solving Problem Solving Solving a problem is reaching a goal state; there are many things that can stand in the way of solving a problem, but many strategies that can help.

Learning Objectives Evaluate strategies for solving problems, and barriers to solving them. Key Takeaways Key Points Problem solving is moving from a current state to a goal state, through barriers, psychology problem solving activities. Mental set is a barrier to problem solving; it is an unconscious tendency to approach a problem in a certain psychology problem solving activities. Unnecessary constraints are when people construct mental blocks to solving a problem.

Irrelevant information is distracting information that is unnecessary to solving the problem but is framed as being part of the problem.

A heuristic is a rule of thumb that is useful in problem solving but does not guarantee a correct solution; an algorithm is a set of steps that will lead to a solution. Key Terms availability heuristic : When a person makes a judgment about the probability of an event based on the ease with which it comes to mind. Problem : The difference between the current situation and a goal.

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Creative Problem-Solving Test | Psychology Today

 

psychology problem solving activities

 

Problem Solving Worksheets. Problem Solving is a structured worksheet which encourages solution-focused thinking. Clients are encouraged to identify a problem, then to identify multiple potential solutions, then to take steps to put a solution into action. Problem solving is moving from a current state to a goal state, through barriers. Mental set is a barrier to problem solving; it is an unconscious tendency to approach a problem in a certain way. Functional fixedness is a subtype of mental set and refers to the inability to see an object’s potential uses aside from its prescribed uses. Apr 12,  · Creative problem involves using one or more of the basic steps of problem solving in exercises designed to challenge the thinking. Problem solving activities work for every age group. In this article, we will present problem-solving activities for adults and kids. We will also provide you with group and team building problem solving ideas.